Read through the following portions from 2 articles and write down:
Few in higher education and industry would deny
that the 21st century is an era of massive data,
rapidly changing technology, and cutting-edge science. Government,
industry, and academia are all stakeholders
in higher education, and many groups have studied this issue.
There are reports from local, state and national organizations that
detail concerns regarding the potential for United States global
competitiveness, such as
Bringing Government, Corporations, Foundations and Educators Together to
Improve STEM Education 
and Rising Above the Gathering Storm .
Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) literate
students are noted as especially important for the health of
As the White House cautioned:
"The U.S. must ensure a continuous supply of highly trained STEM workers and
a STEM literate population in order to maintain its global economic
leadership" . Mary Ann Rankin, President and CEO of the
National Math and Science Initiative, explained the issue quite
well when she said: "STEM is the oxygen we need to keep moving America
forward. Our country simply must educate a more STEM-literate population to
Other groups and individuals have focused on the importance of STEM literacy
for every student in higher education, not just those intending to enter
STEM professions. Mathematician Lynn Steen emphasized the value of
quantitative literacy at the college level because of "the increasing
importance of quantitative data for each person's quality of life and
for our collective well-being...
for everyday issues of personal welfare, social decision-making, and the
functioning of democratic society" . In 2011, the Georgetown Center on
Education and the Workforce examined 965 occupations, including many that are considered to be outside STEM . Lorelle Espinosa, Director of Policy and
Strategic Initiatives at the Institute for Higher Education Policy, summarized
Community College System (CACCS) and Articulation
have the following requirements
9 units minimum of "Scientific
Inquiry and Quantitative Reasoning," plus 7-9
units of "Physical and Biological Sciences," for a total
STEM requirement of 19-
21 units. For the transferable "Liberal
Arts A.A. degree," the CACCS requires
"a minimum of 18 units" with a specification of "at least one
course [not SCH] in math"
reduction from four to three QL hours in the requirements would mean that Appalachian would fall
further behind in STEM literacy with weaker core requirements than
community college systems.
Philosophically and functionally, the goal of general education in
higher education is... to "develop intellectual skills that will enhance your
professional, civic,and personal life for years to come. You will
learn how to analyze the world around you from different perspectives" .
As a university, we should be a leader in STEM education 
and strive to devise streamlined procedures that meet our students'
financial and time needs without sacrificing necessary educational rigor and
compromising our stated mission as a university.
 The National Math + Science Initiative. (2007).
Bringing Government, Corporations,
Foundations and Educators Together to
Improve STEM Education.
 National Academy of Sciences Committee on Prospering in the Global Economy of the 21st Century: An Agenda for American Science and
Technology, National Academy of Sciences,
National Academy of Engineering, Institute of Medicine.
(2007). Rising Above the Gathering
Storm: Energizing and Employing America for a Brighter Economic Future.
 American Competitiveness Initiative. (2006).
American Competitiveness Initiative: Leading the
World in Innovation. http://www.innovationtaskforce.org/docs/ACI%20booklet.pdf
 National Math + Science Initiative (2012).
NMSI CEO Challenges STEM Summit to Make
Teacher Training An Urgent Priority for the U.S.
 Steen, L. (2004). Achieving
Quantitative Literacy: An Urgent Challenge for Higher Education.
Washington, DC: The Mathematical Association of America.
 Carnevale, A., Smith, N., and Melton, M.
(2011). STEM: Science, Technology, Engineering,
Mathematics. Georgetown Center on Education
and the Workforce, Georgetown Public Policy
 Espinosa, L. (2011).
STEM Literacy Beyond STEM Occupations.
 Appalachian State University. (2012).
General Education Program.
 Sanders, T. (2004).
No Time to Waste: The Vital Role of College and
University Leaders in
Improving Science and Mathematics Education.
United States Department of Education.